Black pepper is one of the oldest and most widespread spices in daily use. It comprises a whopping 30% of the world trade in spices.
As a spice, black pepper consists of the dried, unripe berries of the climbing bush Piper nigrum. The pods are harvested before they are ripe, as soon as the bottom pods start to turn red. After drying, the peppercorns get their wrinkled texture and reddish-black to black color!
And while the phrase “black gold” nowadays mostly refers to oil or even coffee, it was once used as a moniker for black pepper. It used to serve as currency for paying annuities, dowries, taxes and other payments. One ounce of pepper was valued the same as one ounce of gold!
Check out this fascinating spice in the Biodiversity Library Exhibition!
Alternate recipe: French style steak
2 tablespoons whole or coarsely ground pepper
1 tablespoon oil
2 tablespoons butter
1 tablespoon cognac, salt